Thesis >> Results

The Results chapter in a thesis, which follows the Methods, primarily reports clearly and precisely what was found or achieved during the study or experiment. The Results should be presented in a way that is meaningful for the reader and should not contain long lists of raw data. In addition, when considering what to include, the focus should be on the results that fulfill the research gap and provide evidence for the Discussion. The author may include some direct comments about the results but not detailed discussion of the significance and implications of the results.

Read the extract below from the Results of a Mechanical and Biomedical Engineering Thesis investigating resource allocation in wireless networks.

Use the color palette below to paint the sentences which address the following purposes.

  1.  Reference to the objectives of the simulations.
  2.  Reference to the procedures for obtaining the results.
  3.  Reference to a table showing the results.
  4.  Presenting the results shown in a table with the author’s observations of the results.

4.5 Simulation Results

Simulations have been conducted to evaluate the performance of the two proposed algorithms. (…) For the joint admission control and resource allocation, the performance of the suboptimal algorithm with the optimal algorithm and the random algorithm is compared.

4.5.2 Joint Admission Control and Resource Allocation

To demonstrate the performance of the suboptimal algorithm, the optimal algorithm using the exhaustive search and the random algorithm are used as benchmarks. (…) All the simulations are conducted on the same computer to compare the running time.

Case 1

A scenario is considered where the number of constant-rate users is smaller than that of the variable-rate users. (…) Table 4.1 shows the performance comparisons of the three algorithms. (…) It is shown that the suboptimal algorithm acquires the optimal solution with a 97% running time reduction. However, the random algorithm fails to find a solution. To further evaluate the performance of the algorithm in a more general condition, 50 times of simulations are conducted to obtain the average values of the interested data. Table 4.2 shows the performance of the three algorithms in terms of the average number of admitted users and running time for different values of Rk, min, k ∈ V. (…) It is evident from Table 4.2 and Fig. 4.9 that the suboptimal algorithm achieves a near-optimal performance in terms of the average number of admitted users with a remarkable reduced running time compared with the optimal algorithm and is superior to the random algorithm in both of the average number of admitted users and the running time.

Adapted from: Y. Shen, “Dynamic Resource Allocation and Optimization in Wireless Relay Networks” Ph. D. dissertation, Dept. Mech. and Biomed. Eng., CITYU, Hong Kong, 2012. [Online]. Available: CityU Institutional Repository.

Note: (…) indicates that parts of the text have been removed due to space constraints.

The main purpose of the Results in a thesis is to present the data and observations arising from empirical experimental work, computer simulations, calculations, and/or construction of mathematical models. The Results should be confined to reporting results achieved from following the procedures described in the Methods that support the objectives of the study.

The results form the core of the thesis and provide the evidence for the Discussion and any final conclusions drawn on the significance and implications of the study. When writing the Results, the author should consider the story that the results tell and focus on reporting the results that help the reader to understand the story. The author should avoid presenting raw data and long lists of findings as these may be difficult to digest. Instead the author needs to think about what are the key findings that address the research gap.

The Results should focus on reporting facts NOT opinion. There may be brief evaluative comments about the results. However, the author should avoid an extensive discussion of what the results mean, in terms of their significance and implications, as this is the purpose of the Discussion chapter.

The Results typically includes the purposes below:

  • Reference to the objectives of the study or analytical procedures followed to obtain the results.
  • Statement or overview of key results or findings.
  • Description of experimental and numerical results obtained so that the reader can fully understand what was found, achieved or what happened in the study.
  • Figures, graphs, charts and graphics to illustrate the results.
  • Explanation of what the figures show without extensive interpretation of the results.
  • Author’s observations and comments on the results obtained.

The Results should NOT include the following items:

  1. Results that are irrelevant to the purpose of the study.
  2. Raw data (data should be transformed into meaningful findings).
  3. Overly complicated graphs, charts and tables that are difficult to understand.
  4. Graphics which are not explained.
  5. Extensive reference and comparison with previous studies.
  6. Writer’s interpretation and evaluation of what the results mean.
  7. Significance of the results.
  8. Application of the results obtained.

Items 5-8 involve the author’s opinion and should thus be included in the Discussion.

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